Assessment Tools


BEERY™ VMI: Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration


Sixth Edition, Starter Kit

Key Features
Ages: 2 through 100
Testing Time: 15 minutes
Administration: Individual

  • The Beery VMI is among the few psychological assessments that provide standard scores as low as 2 years.
  • The Beery VMI 6th Edition Manual provides approximately 600 age-specific norms from birth through age 6. These consist of basic gross motor, fine motor, visual, and visual-fine motor developmental "stepping stones" that have been identified by research criteria. Many examiners find the age norm information to be useful in helping parents better understand their child's current level of development. The manual also presents teaching suggestions.
  • As culture-free, non-verbal assessment, the Beery VMI is useful with individuals of diverse environmental, educational, and linguistic backgrounds.
  • The Short and Full Format tests can be administered individually or to groups. (Individual administration is recommended for the supplemental tests.)

The new 6th Edition of this highly acclaimed test measures visual-motor integration in children and adults. Backed by decades of research and clinical use, the VMI offers a convenient and economical way to screen for visual-motor deficits that can lead to learning, behaviour, and neuropsychological problems. While it is used primarily with young children, the VMI can also be administered to adolescents and adults.

The Beery VMI helps assess the extent to which individuals can integrate their visual and motor abilities. The test presents the examinee with drawings of 24 geometric forms, arranged in developmental sequence, from less to more complex. The examinee simply copies these forms in the Test Booklet. The test can be individually or group administered in just 10 to 15 minutes. The Short Format, composed of 15 drawings, is often used with 2- to 8-year-old children. These norms reflect developmental "stepping stones" identified by research.

The Beery VMI was standardized on a national sample of 1,737 individuals age 2 to 18 years (2010) and 1,021 adults ages 19-100 (2006), and has proven reliability and validity.

In Better Kids™ the Beery VMI kit includes:

  • 10 Short Form Tests;
  • 10 Long Form Tests
  • 10 Supplementary Visual Tests
  • 10 Supplementary Motor Tests
  • 1 Manual Developmental Test of Visual Perception: Second Edition (DTVP-3) by Donald D. Hammill, Nils A. Pearson, and Judith K. Voress


Developmental Test of Visual Perception (DTVP-3)

Developmental Test of Visual Perception (DTVP-3)

Expanded age range
Ages: 4-0 through 12-11
Testing Time: 30 minutes
Administration: Individual

The DTVP-3 is the most recent revision of Marianne Frostig’s popular Developmental Test of Visual Perception. Of all the tests of visual perception and visual-motor integration, the DTVP-3 is unique in that its scores are reliable at the .80 level or above for all subtests and .90 or above for the composites for all age groups; its scores are validated by many studies; its norms are based on a large (N = 1,035), representative sample; it yields scores for both visual perception (no motor response) and visual-motor integration ability; and it is shown to be unbiased relative to race, gender, and handedness.

New Features of the DTVP-3

  • New normative data were collected in 2010 and 2011
  • Norms were extended upward to age 12 years, 11 months
  • The composite scores have no floor or ceiling effects
  • Numerous eligibility and validity studies, including studies of the test’s sensitivity, specificity, and ROC/AUC, have been provided
  • The study of item bias has been expanded
  • The overall look of the test was updated

DTVP-3 Subtests

The DTVP-3 has five subtests.

  1. Eye-Hand Coordination. Children are required to draw precise straight or curved lines in accordance with visual boundaries.
  2. Copying. Children are shown a simple figure and asked to draw it on a piece of paper. The figure serves as a model for the drawing. Subsequent figures are increasingly complex.
  3. Figure-Ground. Children are shown stimulus figures and asked to find as many of the figures as they can on a page where the figures are hidden in a complex, confusing background.
  4. Visual Closure. Children are shown a stimulus figure and asked to select the exact figure from a series of figures that have been incompletely drawn. In order to complete the match, children have to mentally supply the missing parts of the figures in the series.
  5. Form Constancy. Children are shown a stimulus figure and asked to find it in a series of figures. The targeted figure will have a different size, position, and/or shade, and it may be hidden in a distracting background.

DTVP-3 Composites

The results of the five DTVP-3 subtests are combined to form three composites: Motor-reduced Visual Perception, Visual-Motor Integration, and General Visual Perception (combination of motor-reduced and motor-enhanced subtests). Subtests were assigned to a particular composite on the basis of the amount of motor ability required by their formats.

COMPLETE DTVP-3 KIT INCLUDES: Examiner’s Manual, Picture Book, 25 Response Booklets, 25 Examiner Record Booklets, and a Copying scoring template, all in a sturdy storage box. (©2014)


Adapted Wall Model of Occupational performance

The Adapted Wall Model of Occupational performance (WOP)

The Adapted Wall Model of Occupational performance aims to provide a visual representation of the occupational performance components that are of paramount importance in development. It suggests a basic structure of how these components relate to one another, but most importantly it provides an explanation for the role of these components in occupational performance. The Adapted Wall Model of Occupational performance thus provides a system that integrates theory and practice through providing a basis for clinical reasoning in assessment, intervention and progress monitoring as part of the occupational therapy process. These reasons validate the Adapted Wall Model of Occupational performance as a model in occupational therapy.

The WOP recognises that development is sequential (hierarchy of development) and higher order abilities are dependent on the development of lower order abilities. This is visually presented in the Adapted Wall Model of Occupational performance.

After the assessment using the Adapted Wall Model of Occupational performance, relevant 'bricks' are coloured in according to a traffic light system:

  • Red: There is a definite problem / more than 12 months under age level;
  • Orange: The relevant 'bricks' is not completely integrated / 6 to 12 months under age level /not well developed.
  • Green: The relevant 'bricks' is integrated / on age level / developed according to age level(less than 6 months delay).

When completed, a visual representation or 'picture' of the child's development is available. Once you have a 'picture' of the child's difficulties (problems) and strengths, clinical reasoning etc, treatment can asily be planned using your clinical reasoning according to the 'bricks' that represent the child's specific area of concern. These 'bricks' then correspond to the 26 Activity Modules in Better Kids™ to provide a guide to example activities for treatment of these 'bricks'.

This developmental 'picture' of the child's development can be used to assist during the feedback session and progress is easily monitored using the WOP because as therapy proceeds, progress can be indicated on the WOP.

The WOP model in the Better Kids™ package includes:

  • 1xCD that contains all information regarding the administration and application of the WOP
  • 1x printed WOP booklet containing the user guides, introduction and history of the WOP and assessment forms.
  • A Laminated A4 page of the WOP model to use with parents to provide a visual illustration of their children's needs.
  • A comprehensive activity kit that contains all activities used to assess children with the WOP.

Child Development Poster

** Alternative Standardised Tests can also be adapted for your specific needs (i.e. Sensory profile, ADOS etc). Please contact us to discuss the options.